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Means, Ends, and Persons – The Meaning and Psychological Dimensions of Kant's Humanity Formula - Oxford Scholarship Online
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Means, Ends, and Persons: The Meaning and Psychological Dimensions of Kant's Humanity Formula

Robert Audi


Kant’s injunction that we must treat persons as ends in themselves and never merely as means is plausible but often misunderstood. This book shows how the notions of treating persons as ends in themselves and, by contrast, merely as means, can be anchored outside Kant and clarified in ways that enhance their usefulness in ethical theory and in practical ethics, where they are often felt to have considerable intuitive force. Constructing an account of treatment of persons—of what treatment is, how it differs from mere interpersonal action, and what ethical standards govern it— the book consider ... More

Keywords: conduct, ends, instrumentality, intention, Kant, manner of action, moral responsibility, motivation, obligation, treatment

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2015 Print ISBN-13: 9780190251550
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2015 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190251550.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Robert Audi, author
University of Notre Dame