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Deconstructing ErgativityTwo Types of Ergative Languages and Their Features$
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Maria Polinsky

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780190256586

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190256586.001.0001

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Prepositional phrases

Prepositional phrases

Establishing the diagnostics

(p.56) Chapter 3 Prepositional phrases
Deconstructing Ergativity

Maria Polinsky

Oxford University Press

This chapter presents and outlines diagnostics that distinguish prepositional phrases (PPs) from noun phrases. These diagnostics include agreement, binding, A-movement, transparency to subextraction, ability to appear at the tail of the control chain, and accessibility to raising. Some diagnostics are more telling and more powerful than others. For example, agreement is only relevant as a comparative diagnostics; if a PP can determine agreement in a given language, then a DP is expected to determine agreement as well.

Keywords:   PP, DP, NP, agreement, binding, resumption, subextraction, A-movement, control

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