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Deconstructing ErgativityTwo Types of Ergative Languages and Their Features$
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Maria Polinsky

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780190256586

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190256586.001.0001

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Ergative as a PP

Ergative as a PP

Initial evidence

(p.72) Chapter 4 Ergative as a PP
Deconstructing Ergativity

Maria Polinsky

Oxford University Press

Converging evidence suggests that syntactic ergativity follows from the PP status of the ergative. This evidence comes from several quarters: extraction and subextraction facts, some binding effects, resumption under A-bar movement, and, tangentially, some agreement generalizations. All these properties, independently established as distinguishing DPs and PPs, are used to show that the ergative is PP-like. It does not undergo extraction leaving a gap, and a subconstituent within an ergative expression cannot be extracted either.

Keywords:   binding, subextraction, extraction, wh-question, relative clause formation, agreement

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