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The Sage and the PeopleThe Confucian Revival in China$
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Sebastien Billioud and Joel Thoraval

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780190258139

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190258139.001.0001

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(p.288) Epilogue
The Sage and the People

Sébastien Billioud

Joël Thoraval

Oxford University Press

The epilogue of this book is more than a mere conclusion. It makes the most of the temporality of the two authors’ research (2004–2014) in order to briefly discuss the evolution of a number of projects or itineraries of activists that they followed in the 2000s. An account is given of the most recent trends that already differentiate the 2010s from the 2000s and that might help to anticipate future developments of Confucianism in the People’s Republic of China. It emphasizes that popular Confucianism now points to two ideal-types of different projects. The grassroots and emancipatory dimension of the earlier phase of the revival endures but it also coexists with an attempt, engineered by the elites themselves—whether political, economic or intellectual— to appropriate the movement, shape model citizens and reproduce new elites in a complementary relationship with existing socio-political hierarchies.

Keywords:   popular Confucianism, Guiyang Confucius study hall, Buddhist organizations, Jingkong fashi, Yiguandao, Christian-Confucian tensions, civil religion, Taiwan, elites

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