A Tapestry of Values
This concluding chapter of A Tapestry of Values synthesizes the book’s major lessons. It challenges the value-free ideal by arguing that values can have legitimate roles to play in choosing research topics, deciding how to study them, determining the aims of research, responding to uncertainty, and choosing scientific language. It shows how this view of science challenges traditional concepts in science policy, such as the linear, social-contract, and deficit models. Finally, it suggests three conditions for incorporating values into science in an appropriate fashion: (1) the influences of values should be made transparent; (2) values should reflect ethical and social priorities; and (3) values should be scrutinized via processes of engagement that incorporate multiple stakeholders.
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