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Does Torture Work?$
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John W. Schiemann

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780190262365

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190262365.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 10 May 2021

Surprise Torture

Surprise Torture

(p.138) 8 Surprise Torture
Does Torture Work?

John W. Schiemann

Oxford University Press

This chapter is the first of four examining the RIT model’s equilibria and is devoted to an equilibrium occurring under objective questioning only: valuable information, surprise torture. In this equilibrium, a Cooperative Detainee provides information but is tortured afterward because the Interrogator either has not understood the information as valuable or believes the Detainee is still hiding other information. The Detainee is surprised because he anticipated that the Interrogator would believe he had divulged everything. An Innocent Detainee is also tortured for telling the truth of not having information. The chapter then explores some of the formal properties of the equilibrium, including its placement in the parameter space, and derives some observations, propositions, and implications. The story of Sheila Cassidy, who was tortured by the Chilean secret police, provides an empirical example of the equilibrium. The chapter concludes by returning to the equilibrium in light of the Cassidy case.

Keywords:   valuable information, Sheila Cassidy, Chile, equilibrium, innocent detainee

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