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Why Are There Differences in the Gospels? – What We Can Learn from Ancient Biography - Oxford Scholarship Online
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Why Are There Differences in the Gospels?: What We Can Learn from Ancient Biography

Michael R. Licona and Craig A. Evans


The majority of New Testament scholars now hold that most if not all of the Gospels belong to the genre of Greco-Roman biography and that this genre permitted some flexibility in the manner historical events were narrated. However, few scholars provide a robust discussion on how this plays out in Gospel pericopes. This book fills this gap in the literature, by documenting the similar compositional devices at work in both Plutarch’s Lives and the Gospels as well as other compositional devices taught in ancient compositional textbooks. The author identifies three-dozen pericopes narrated two or ... More

Keywords: Gospel, biography, difference, compositional device, Plutarch, compositional textbook

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2017 Print ISBN-13: 9780190264260
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2016 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190264260.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Michael R. Licona, author
Associate Professor of Theology, Houston Baptist University

Craig A. Evans, author
John Bisagno Distinguished Professor of Christian Origins and Dean of the School of Christian Thought, Houston Baptist University