Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Divided We GovernCoalition Politics in Modern India$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Sanjay Ruparelia

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780190264918

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190264918.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 24 January 2022

The Rise of the Regions (1980–1989)

The Rise of the Regions (1980–1989)

Chapter:
(p.89) 4 The Rise of the Regions (1980–1989)
Source:
Divided We Govern
Author(s):

Sanjay Ruparelia

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190264918.003.0005

This chapter analyzes the rise of new state-based parties and growing regional demands during the 1980s. The Congress’ return to power in 1980, and its massive electoral victory following the assassination of Indira Gandhi in 1984, suggested renewed dominance. Rajiv Gandhi declared his ambition to modernize the state, castigating bureaucratic corruption and promoting economic liberalization. Yet the growth of various opposition forces—the Left Democratic Front of the communists, regional parties such as the Telugu Desam Party, Dravida Munnetra Kazagham and Asom Gana Parishad in the center, the Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata Party on the right—intensified electoral competition in the states. The failure of the Congress to grasp the nature of these developments, and its cynical tactical mishandling of federal demands in Assam and Punjab and of secular anxieties stoked by the Ramjanmabhoomi movement and the Shah Bano case, worsened communal polarization and Centre-state relations. Perceptions of high political corruption, general economic mismanagement and mounting opposition unity led to the formation of the Janata Dal and National Front, sealing the demise of the Congress in the 1989 general election.

Keywords:   Bharatiya Janata Party, Left Democratic Front, Dravida Munnetra Kazagham, Telugu Desam Party, Asom Gana Parishad, Janata Dal, National Front, Ramjanmabhoomi movement, Shah Bano, 1989 general election

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .