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Film is Like a BattlegroundSam Fuller's War Movies$
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Marsha Gordon

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780190269746

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190269746.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 21 September 2021

A Complicated Conflict

A Complicated Conflict

The Steel Helmet and Fixed Bayonets!

(p.65) Chapter 2 A Complicated Conflict
Film is Like a Battleground

Marsha Gordon

Oxford University Press

This chapter explores Fuller’s first forays into the representation of hot war in Hollywood with the pioneering Korean conflict films The Steel Helmet (1951) and Fixed Bayonets! (1951). This pair of films introduced Fuller to his first run-ins with the political status quo when they triggered both FBI and Department of Defense investigations into his political sympathies and affiliations. This chapter demonstrates how the Hollywood film industry and the government worked together to shape war films in this period. The Steel Helmet was condemned by communists as pro-American and by anti-communists as pro-communist. In the case of Fixed Bayonets!, while the Department of Defense withheld support, the army endorsed the film.

Keywords:   Korean War, communism, American race relations, FBI files, HUAC

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