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Housing the New RomansArchitectural Reception and Classical Style in the Modern World$
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Katharine T. von Stackelberg and Elizabeth Macaulay-Lewis

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780190272333

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: July 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190272333.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 26 November 2020

The History of Human Habitation

The History of Human Habitation

Ancient Domestic Architecture in Nineteenth-Century Europe

(p.92) Chapter 3 The History of Human Habitation
Housing the New Romans

Shelley Hales

Oxford University Press

Charles Garnier’s exhibition L’Histoire de l’habitation humaine, designed for the 1889 Exposition Universelle in Paris, included reconstructions of Greek, Roman and, most originally, a Gallo-Roman house that represented Classical antiquity. The accounts of Garnier’s lost houses offer a means to explore the ways in which the physical resurrection of the domestic past became a powerful means of literal and metaphorical place-making for visitors to exhibitions in Britain and France throughout the nineteenth century. They provide an opportunity to articulate more closely the changing perceptions in European culture. These transpired in both the roles of these reconstructions and the nature of antiquity’s relationship to contemporary personal and national identity. The chapter also documents an ethnographic turn that allows scholars to look back at the century’s domestic reconstructions through a different (and perhaps less comfortable) lens.

Keywords:   Paris, Gallo-Roman, place-making, Charles Garnier, 1889 Exposition Universelle, Maison Pompéienne, L’Histoire de l’habitation humaine, ethnography, Classical antiquity

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