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The Transatlantic KindergartenEducation and Women's Movements in Germany and the United States$
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Ann Taylor Allen

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780190274412

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190274412.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 26 January 2021

The Kindergarten in the City and the World

The Kindergarten in the City and the World

(p.59) 3 The Kindergarten in the City and the World
The Transatlantic Kindergarten

Ann Taylor Allen

Oxford University Press

By the 1870s, the kindergarten ban had been repealed in Germany. In the late nineteenth century both Geman and American women developed a new mission—to bring the kindergarten to the children of rapidly growing cities, and particularly to poor children. Kindergartens for the urban poor were called “Free Kindergartens” in the United States and Volkskindergärten in Germany. The two countries, however, provided very different political and cultural environments. Although German kindergarten pedagogy gained a worldwide reputation in such institutions as the Berlin Pestalozzi-Fröbel House, conservative opposition in Germany set limits to expansion. In the United States many educators and social reformers viewed the kindergarten favorably because it helped to assimilate immigrant children. Kindergartens were also important in African American communities. The founding of the International Kindergarten Union in 1893 promoted a shared mission for kindergartners (as the teachers, not the children, were called) worldwide, and encouraged German-American dialogue.

Keywords:   Pestalozzi-Fröbel House, International Kindergarten Union, kindergarten, urban poor, pedagogy, African Americans, immigrants

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