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When Norms CollideLocal Responses to Activism against Female Genital Mutilation and Early Marriage$
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Karisa Cloward

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780190274917

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190274917.001.0001

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Explaining Local Misrepresentation of Normative Commitments

Explaining Local Misrepresentation of Normative Commitments

(p.205) Chapter 7 Explaining Local Misrepresentation of Normative Commitments
When Norms Collide

Karisa Cloward

Oxford University Press

This chapter focuses on rhetorical and secondary behavioral change. It finds that many individuals take steps to misrepresent or hide their true attitudes and behavior with respect to FGM and early marriage, and that they are motivated to do this by both reputational and material considerations. The survey experiment shows that individuals are willing to make false rhetorical commitments to international norms when they encounter an international audience, and the qualitative interviews show a propensity both for rhetorical misrepresentation to international activists and for actively hiding local norm compliance from local activists and authorities. However, these types of activities occur primarily in communities that have experienced significant exposure to the relevant international norms.

Keywords:   international norm, local norm, misrepresentation, female genital mutilation, FGM, early marriage, reputation, survey experiment

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