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When Norms CollideLocal Responses to Activism against Female Genital Mutilation and Early Marriage$
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Karisa Cloward

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780190274917

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190274917.001.0001

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(p.228) Chapter 8 Conclusion
When Norms Collide

Karisa Cloward

Oxford University Press

This chapter concludes by reviewing the theory and the central findings from the research conducted in the three Kenyan case study communities. It also places the theory in a broader context by applying it to FGM and early marriage cross-nationally and by applying it to two additional issues—girl-child education and dowry. It discusses policy implications for international donors and on-the-ground activists, and outlines theoretical implications for literatures on international norm promotion; the politics of culture, tradition, and modernity; and gender violence. Finally, the conclusion explores potential avenues for further research, including new cases, alternative methodological strategies, and theoretical extensions.

Keywords:   international norm, local norm, female genital mutilation, FGM, early marriage, dowry, girl-child education, gender violence, politics of culture

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