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Salafism After the Arab AwakeningContending with People's Power$
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Francesco Cavatorta and Fabio Merone

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780190274993

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190274993.001.0001

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Salafi Dynamics in Kuwait

Salafi Dynamics in Kuwait

Politics, Fragmentation and Change

(p.169) 11 Salafi Dynamics in Kuwait
Salafism After the Arab Awakening

Zoltan Pall

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines the roots of the fragmentation of Salafism in Kuwait. Particular importance is given to the post-Gulf war theological debates in Saudi Arabia and how they affected the movement in Kuwait, leading to the emergence of “purist” and “activist” (haraki) factions. This enduring dichotomy has determined the structure of the Salafi scene in the country. The interplay of theological disagreements regarding local and transnational political developments caused the fragmentation of Kuwaiti Salafism. The chapter thus examines how a debate on theological issues between two main Salafi authorities of Kuwait led to internal division and a split among Salafis. The analysis then moves on to how and why the international and local political context of the Arab Awakening affected the highly dynamic and fluid Salafi scene in Kuwait.

Keywords:   Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Haraki, Purists

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