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Containing Balkan NationalismImperial Russia and Ottoman Christians, 1856–1914$
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Denis Vovchenko

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780190276676

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190276676.001.0001

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Building an Ottoman Civic Nation

Building an Ottoman Civic Nation

Secularization and Ethnicization of Christian Minority Institutions (1853–1860)

(p.67) 2 Building an Ottoman Civic Nation
Containing Balkan Nationalism

Denis Vovchenko

Oxford University Press

The Crimean War accelerated the growth of both civic and ethnic forms of nationalism in the Ottoman Empire and Russia. The Hatti Humayun Edict both strengthened the Bulgarian nationalists and encouraged power-sharing mechanisms to contain ethnonationalism within the Patriarchate of Constantinople. Russian diplomats, if not prelates like Metropolitan Filaret of Moscow, supported laicization the empowerment of laity in regard to clergy. After its defeat in the Crimean War, Russia also launched ambitious liberal reforms that paved the way for the rise of all sorts of interest groups including the Moscow Slavic Benevolent Committee. Bulgarian immigrants in Russia helped electrify the new Pan-Slav ideology and organizations. Between 1858 and 1860, their anti-Greek press campaign was stopped by Russian censorship at the request of the Patriarchate. Even Russian Slavophile intellectuals were not ready to adopt Bulgarian ethnocentrism wholesale. Instead, they began to reinvent the Christian East as a Greco-Slavic civilization.

Keywords:   Crimean War, Hatti Humayun Edict, laicization, Moscow Slavic Benevolent Committee, Metropolitan Filaret of Moscow

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