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Containing Balkan NationalismImperial Russia and Ottoman Christians, 1856–1914$
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Denis Vovchenko

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780190276676

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190276676.001.0001

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Reconciling Rival Ottoman Orthodox Churches (1870–1875)

Reconciling Rival Ottoman Orthodox Churches (1870–1875)

(p.145) 4 Reconciling Rival Ottoman Orthodox Churches (1870–1875)
Containing Balkan Nationalism

Denis Vovchenko

Oxford University Press

In February 1870, the Ottoman government established the Bulgarian Exarchate by government decree without the consent of the Patriarchate. Russian diplomats, clerics, and commentators continued to put forward various power-sharing compromises to prevent the breakup of the unity of all Orthodox Christians and stop the growing ethnic conflict in the mixed Greek-Bulgarian communities. The Russian effort was made more difficult by the uncooperative stance of the Greek and Ottoman governments as well as by the extremist factions in the Patriarchate and the Bulgarian movement. As a result, in September 1872, the Bulgarian church leaders were declared schismatic. The reactions of Tertii Filippov, Konstantin Leontiev, Metropolitan Mikhail of Belgrade, and Manuel Gedeon among others demonstrated how seriously the Russian, Serbian, and Greek educated societies took Orthodoxy whether they accepted the Bulgarian Schism or criticized it as the product of Greek irredentism.

Keywords:   Bulgarian Exarchate, Bulgarian Schism, Metropolitan Mikhail of Belgrade, Tertii Filippov, Konstantin Leontiev, Manuel Gedeon

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