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Containing Balkan NationalismImperial Russia and Ottoman Christians, 1856–1914$
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Denis Vovchenko

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780190276676

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190276676.001.0001

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Making Peace in Times of War (1875–1885)

Making Peace in Times of War (1875–1885)

(p.191) 5 Making Peace in Times of War (1875–1885)
Containing Balkan Nationalism

Denis Vovchenko

Oxford University Press

During the Eastern Crisis of 1875–1878, Russian statesmen and commentators did not promote modern ethnonationalism because Orthodox Christianity remained more important both culturally and politically for the Russian elites themselves. Nikolai Durnovo and Ivan Troitskii publicized Vladimir Lamanskii’s concept of the Greco-Slavic world. In this period, not only diplomats and clerics but also army commanders encouraged power-sharing arrangements to reconcile the Patriarchate of Constantinople and the Bulgarian Exarchate led by Patriarch Joachim III and Exarch Iosif. In contrast to earlier periods, the Russian government was able to impose its policy on rival churches by force during its occupation of Ottoman Bulgaria. This direct local control usually led to ethnic peace and restoration of the authority of the Patriarchate. However, Bulgarian nationalists were able to manipulate Russian representatives to their advantage threatening to defect from Orthodoxy. Russian efforts to respect the Treaty of Berlin and to contain the expansion of the newly created Bulgarian Principality into Ottoman territory led to a break between two countries.

Keywords:   Eastern Crisis of 1875–1878, Treaty of Berlin, Patriarch Joachim III, Nikolai Durnovo, Ivan Troitskii, Greco-Slavic World, Exarch Iosif

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