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Tense Bees and Shell-Shocked Crabs – Are Animals Conscious? - Oxford Scholarship Online
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Tense Bees and Shell-Shocked Crabs: Are Animals Conscious?

Michael Tye


Do birds have feelings? What about fish—can fish feel pain? Do insects have experiences? Can a honeybee feel anxious? If trees are not conscious but fish are, what is the objective difference between them that results in this? How do we decide which living creatures have experiences and which ones are zombies—seemingly intelligent beings that lack experiences? Can there be a conscious robot? This book looks into the underlying analytical issues and the relevant scientific research on animal cognition to find philosophically rigorous, empirically informed answers to these questions. In order to ... More

Keywords: animals, experience, consciousness, other minds, philosophy, science, pain, insects, fish, artificial intelligence

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2017 Print ISBN-13: 9780190278014
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2016 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190278014.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Michael Tye, author
Dallas TACA Centennial Professor in Liberal Arts, University of Texas at Austin