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Institutional Reform and Diaspora EntrepreneursThe In-Between Advantage$
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Jennifer M. Brinkerhoff

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780190278229

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190278229.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 03 August 2021

Defining Entrepreneurs and Exploring Diaspora Applications

Defining Entrepreneurs and Exploring Diaspora Applications

(p.17) 2 Defining Entrepreneurs and Exploring Diaspora Applications
Institutional Reform and Diaspora Entrepreneurs

Jennifer M. Brinkerhoff

Oxford University Press

Part I reviews what is known about the entrepreneurial personality and entrepreneurial behavior and explores how motivation theories apply to entrepreneurs. Part II identifies potential diaspora advantages for entrepreneurism. First, there may be a correlation between diasporans and entrepreneurs in terms of personal characteristics, leading to an overrepresentation of entrepreneurs within diasporas (most likely among those who have electively migrated). Second, the migration experience may reinforce some of these personal characteristics and entrepreneurial behavior. Third, the diaspora identity itself—mixing two sociocultural worlds—may suggest advantages. Fourth, the diaspora identity and experience can inspire motivation to target entrepreneurial behavior to the country of origin. The chapter identifies a typology of entrepreneurs, which may have application beyond diaspora communities, and concludes with important caveats. Not all diasporans will manifest potential advantages for entrepreneurism.

Keywords:   Entrepreneur, entrepreneurial personality, motivation, migration, diaspora, diaspora identity

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