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The Purse and the SwordThe Trials of Israel's Legal Revolution$
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Daniel Friedmann

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780190278502

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190278502.001.0001

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The Secret Services Affair

The Secret Services Affair

(p.79) 10 The Secret Services Affair
The Purse and the Sword

Daniel Friedmann

Oxford University Press

This chapter considers the legal issues that emerged as a result of the 1984 terrorist hijacking of a bus on its way from Tel Aviv to Ashkelon and the killing of the terrorists involved in the incident. Israel Defense Forces (IDF) and police forces pursued the bus and intercepted it in central Gaza Strip, as high-ranking IDF commanders and government officials arrived at the scene. Early the next morning a special task force stormed the bus, and the two surviving terrorists from the skirmish were later taken prisoner. They were then liquidated by agents of the Shin Bet, in accordance with an order given by its chief, Avraham Shalom. The incident and the ensuing attempts by Shin Bet at a cover-up sparked public uproar and led to internal dissensions within Shin Bet and the government. The attorney general demanded to conduct a police investigation. The president of Israel accepted the government’s recommendation and pardoned those involved in the affair. The Supreme Court by a majority decision denied a petition against the pardons.

Keywords:   Bus 300 affair, secret services, intelligence agency, terrorists, Avraham Shalom, Shin Bet scandal, presidential pardon, Itzhak Zamir

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