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The Purse and the SwordThe Trials of Israel's Legal Revolution$
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Daniel Friedmann

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780190278502

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190278502.001.0001

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The Attorney General and His Powers

The Attorney General and His Powers

(p.29) 3 The Attorney General and His Powers
The Purse and the Sword

Daniel Friedmann

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses the duties and functions of the attorney general in Israel, as well as the tenures of some notable personalities appointed to the post. The country’s first minister of justice, Pinhas Rosen, insisted that the person responsible for advising the government will not be the minister of justice but an attorney general subordinate to him. The first person to fill the post was Yaakov-Shimshon Shapira, a member of Mapai, a well-regarded private attorney, and a man of great authority. The post was next offered to State Attorney Haim Cohn, who had close relations with Ben-Gurion. Cohn’s successor was Gideon Hausner, an active member of Rosen’s Progressive Party. Hausner was the prosecutor in Eichmann’s trial. During Hausner’s term a dispute arose between him and the minister of justice Dov Yosef regarding the attorney general’s powers. The matter was referred to a committee headed by justice Agranat. Hausner’s term was followed by Meir Shamgar, the Israel Defense Forces’ chief military advocate-general during the Six Day War. Last to be discussed is Aharon Barak, a professor of law and dean of the Hebrew University law school.

Keywords:   attorney general, Pinhas Rosen, Yaakov-Shimshon Shapira, Haim Cohn, Gideon Hausner, Meir Shamgar, Aharon Barak, Kastner trial, Eichmann trial, death penalty

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