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The Purse and the SwordThe Trials of Israel's Legal Revolution$
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Daniel Friedmann

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780190278502

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190278502.001.0001

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Undermining the Political System

Undermining the Political System

(p.57) 7 Undermining the Political System
The Purse and the Sword

Daniel Friedmann

Oxford University Press

This chapter illustrates the gradual weakening of Israel’s central government as its judicial system gained power dramatically. Following Menachem Begin’s resignation, an intense rivalry grew between the two major parties, Likud and Labor (formerly Mapai), which would lead to the formation of a national unity government wherein both parties would share the power. The jockeying for power between the parties would later undermine this arrangement and the political system as a whole. Consequently, members of the Knesset were increasingly able to pass laws over the objections of the government. These include laws, in the realms of human rights, basic laws, and the structure of the government and political parties. This legislation would subsequently enable the Supreme Court was thus able to assert its power and pursue a much more activist role, further attenuating the power of the Knesset and the cabinet.

Keywords:   Likud, Labor, national unity government, Dirty Trick, human rights laws, Israeli Supreme Court, Knesset, basic laws, equality, sexual orientation rights

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