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Fighting at the Legal Boundaries – Controlling the Use of Force in Contemporary Conflict - Oxford Scholarship Online
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Fighting at the Legal Boundaries: Controlling the Use of Force in Contemporary Conflict

Kenneth Watkin


The international law governing the use of force is at a crossroads. States bound by the formal framework of laws primarily developed to control the exercise of self-defense and inter-State conflict are being challenged in the twenty-first century by a wide variety of non-State actor threats. The threats to State governance include not only radical jihadist groups like the Islamic State and Al Qaeda but also transnational criminal organizations and crime associated with conflict-related instability. State legal advisors using traditional interpretations of the law often find themselves applyin ... More

Keywords: international law, State self-defense, armed conflict, humanitarian law, human rights, terrorism, insurgents, organized crime

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2016 Print ISBN-13: 9780190457976
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2016 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190457976.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Kenneth Watkin, author
Brigadier-General (Retired), Canadian Forces