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The Alawis of SyriaWar, Faith and Politics in the Levant$
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Michael Kerr and Craig Larkin

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780190458119

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190458119.001.0001

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The Alawis in the Ottoman Period

The Alawis in the Ottoman Period

(p.49) 2 The Alawis in the Ottoman Period
The Alawis of Syria

Stefan Winter

Oxford University Press

The history of the Alawis in the Ottoman period is usually presented as one of discrimination, impoverishment and constant persecution. This contribution, rather than relying on the narrative chronicles or oral accounts of the period, concentrates on the wealth of Ottoman administrative documents referring to the Alawis to be found in the Basbakanlik and the Tripoli Shari’a Court archives. In doing so it seeks to show that the Alawis enjoyed quasi-recognition as a sectarian community, that they made extensive use of the Ottoman court system, and that they were characterized by a high degree of social stratification including a landed gentry co-opted by the Ottoman state.

Keywords:   Ottoman period, Ottoman Administration, Alawi history, Alawi villages, Sectarian community, Shar’ia courts, Dirhem, Millets, Tripoli

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