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American LawAn Introduction$
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Lawrence M. Friedman and Grant M. Hayden

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780190460587

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190460587.001.0001

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Crimes and Punishments

Crimes and Punishments

(p.155) 9 Crimes and Punishments
American Law

Lawrence M. Friedman

Grant M. Hayden

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines the American criminal justice system. After some basic discussion of what, exactly, constitutes a crime, the chapter sketches out the functions of the criminal justice system, the history of criminal law, and the types of crimes (and their relative rates) today. Criminal procedure, from arrest to conviction, is detailed next, with special focus on plea bargaining, the constitutional rights of the accused, and the role of the jury. Finally, there is a discussion of the penal system and the role of class and race in the criminal justice system.

Keywords:   crime, punishment, criminal justice system, crime rate, criminal procedure, plea bargaining, jury, prisons, race

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