Creative Insecurity and Its Implications
This chapter summarizes this book’s findings and discusses their implications for research and policy. It also outlines the strengths and weaknesses of creative insecurity theory and makes suggestions for future research. One implication of creative insecurity theory is that nations should forever create foreign enemies to fear. As long as an armed external menace threatens society, the risks and costs of S&T progress can be justified in perpetuity. However, this strategy is untenable in twenty-first-century democracies. This chapter shows that war and militarization are not necessary for S&T leadership. It argues that a superior innovation strategy would instead emphasize actual emerging threats around the world, such as the skyrocketing demand for energy, global climate shifts and environmental degradation, and the debilitations of age and disease. This chapter also makes some surprising predictions about which countries will be most and least innovative over the next three decades.
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