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Innovation and Its EnemiesWhy People Resist New Technologies$
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Calestous Juma

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780190467036

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190467036.001.0001

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Gales of Creative Destruction

Gales of Creative Destruction

(p.11) 1 Gales of Creative Destruction
Innovation and Its Enemies

Calestous Juma

Oxford University Press

The new millennium brought a rising tide of economic, social, and ecological challenges. This chapter argues that while rapid technological adoption in response to mounting global challenges is welcomed by large sections of society, it also triggers societal responses that seek to slow down the influence of technological change. The fear of loss, not novelty, underlies social tensions over technologies, some of which take the form of outright opposition by segments of society against change. Fear of loss can lead individuals or groups to avoid change brought by innovation even if that means forgoing gains. But much of the concern is driven by perceptions of loss, not necessarily by concrete evidence of loss. The fear or perception of loss may take material forms, but it also includes intellectual and psychological factors such as challenges to established worldviews or identity.

Keywords:   Schumpeter, creative destruction, fear of loss, global challenges, identity

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