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Exploring Inductive RiskCase Studies of Values in Science$
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Kevin C. Elliott and Ted Richards

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780190467715

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190467715.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 02 August 2021

Safe or Sorry? Cancer Screening and Inductive Risk

Safe or Sorry? Cancer Screening and Inductive Risk

Chapter:
(p.149) 8 Safe or Sorry? Cancer Screening and Inductive Risk
Source:
Exploring Inductive Risk
Author(s):

Anya Plutynski

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190467715.003.0008

The general assumption behind cancer screening has been that early diagnosis and treatment is effective at reducing cancer-related mortality; this is broadly speaking true, for some cancer screening efforts, in some age groups. However, screening may in some cases do more harm than good. One source of harm is overdiagnosis and overtreatment, the diagnosis and treatment of indolent or slow-growing disease that may never lead to morbidity or mortality in the lifetime of the patient. Precaution in cancer screening is thus a double-edged sword: early diagnosis and treatment has clear benefits; but it is also true that some percentage of patients is unnecessarily treated. This chapter will examine how inductive risk and values come into play in debates about mammography screening.

Keywords:   mammography, cancer screening, overdiagnosis, overtreatment, inductive risk, values

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