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The Crimean TatarsFrom Soviet Genocide to Putin's Conquest$
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Brian Glyn Williams

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780190494704

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190494704.001.0001

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Dar al Harb

Dar al Harb

The Nineteenth-Century Crimean Tatar Migrations to the Ottoman Empire

(p.19) 3 Dar al Harb
The Crimean Tatars

Brian Glyn Williams

Oxford University Press

This chapter analyzes the events of the Crimean War and how the results of this conflict affected the native Crimean Tatars. Fearing an increase in Russian power in the strategic Bosphorus Straits at the expense of the enfeebled Ottoman Empire, France, Britain, and Sardinia joined Sultan Abdul Mecid in their fight against the Russians. The operations of the alliance forced Russia to increase their security on Crimean territory, employing Cossacks who patrolled major Tatar cities such as Sevastopol. The Cossacks, fueled by their traditional rivalry against Muslims, frequently harassed and attacked Tatar cities and villages. These actions forced thousands of Tatars to migrate to the Ottoman Empire, an event referred to as the Buyuk Goc (Great Migration) of 1860–1861. The chapter also describes a religious reason for the migration, as the Muslim Tatars who faced persecution under the Orthodox Russians found refuge in the Muslim Ottoman Empire.

Keywords:   Crimean War, Crimean Tatars, Russian Empire, Bosphorus Straits, Ottoman Empire, Britain, France, Sardinia, Cossacks, Great Migration

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