Dar al Harb
Dar al Harb
The Nineteenth-Century Crimean Tatar Migrations to the Ottoman Empire
This chapter analyzes the events of the Crimean War and how the results of this conflict affected the native Crimean Tatars. Fearing an increase in Russian power in the strategic Bosphorus Straits at the expense of the enfeebled Ottoman Empire, France, Britain, and Sardinia joined Sultan Abdul Mecid in their fight against the Russians. The operations of the alliance forced Russia to increase their security on Crimean territory, employing Cossacks who patrolled major Tatar cities such as Sevastopol. The Cossacks, fueled by their traditional rivalry against Muslims, frequently harassed and attacked Tatar cities and villages. These actions forced thousands of Tatars to migrate to the Ottoman Empire, an event referred to as the Buyuk Goc (Great Migration) of 1860–1861. The chapter also describes a religious reason for the migration, as the Muslim Tatars who faced persecution under the Orthodox Russians found refuge in the Muslim Ottoman Empire.
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