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Developing Cross-Cultural Measurement in Social Work Research and Evaluation$
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Thanh Tran, Tam Nguyen, and Keith Chan

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780190496470

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2018

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190496470.001.0001

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Process and Critical Tasks of Cross-Cultural Research

Process and Critical Tasks of Cross-Cultural Research

(p.13) 2 Process and Critical Tasks of Cross-Cultural Research
Developing Cross-Cultural Measurement in Social Work Research and Evaluation

Thanh V. Tran

Tam Nguyen

Keith Chan

Oxford University Press

The overall process of cross-cultural instrument development and assessment are discussed in this chapter. Research instrument is defined as a systematic and standardized tool for data collection. It includes all types of research questionnaires and standardized scales. There are three methods of cross-cultural research instrument development: adopting an existing instrument, adapting or modifying an existing instrument, and developing a new instrument. In order to develop a cross-culturally valid questionnaire or instrument, the concepts or constructs selected for the investigation must be clearly defined and bear the same meanings across the selected cultural groups. No good questionnaire can be developed without clear definitions. This is a matter of utmost importance for all levels of cultural comparative research and evaluation whether it is a gender or racial/ethnic comparison within one society or across nations.

Keywords:   adopting existing scales, scale modification, cross-cultural translation, cross-cultural questionnaire, cross-cultural equivalence

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