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Developing Cross-Cultural Measurement in Social Work Research and Evaluation$
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Thanh Tran, Tam Nguyen, and Keith Chan

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780190496470

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2018

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190496470.001.0001

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Developing New Instruments

Developing New Instruments

Empathy Scale

Chapter:
(p.129) 6 Developing New Instruments
Source:
Developing Cross-Cultural Measurement in Social Work Research and Evaluation
Author(s):

Thanh V. Tran

Tam Nguyen

Keith Chan

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190496470.003.0006

Developing new cross-cultural research instruments is an enormous task, and it requires careful consideration from the researchers to ensure that the instruments measure what they are designed to measure and that they can also capture cultural differences and similarities among the comparative groups. It is always challenging to develop an “etic” instrument that captures the shared meanings among the comparative cultural groups and an “emic” instrument that can measure the unique aspects of each cultural group. Constructing cross-cultural research instruments must be a collaborative endeavor of the research team and the stakeholders. Inputs from cultural experts, prospective research respondents or clients, and service providers should be an integral part of every step or phase in cross-cultural measurement development and construction. This chapter focuses on the foundation of measurement and the process of cross-cultural instrument development.

Keywords:   concept, indicators, latent variables, reflective or effect indicators, causal or formative indicators, vignette interviews

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