Kennedy in Ottawa and the Cold War in the Third World, 1961–1962
Dealing with Canadian Prime Minister John Diefenbaker’s February 1961 visit to the White House and President John F. Kennedy’s reciprocal visit to Ottawa that May, this chapter also examines Canadian–American relations against the backdrop of the Cold War’s twilight struggle in the Third World. Although disagreeing over how to contain communism in Asia and Latin America, Ottawa and Washington shared a common interest in defending the interests of the West, and so they sought to avoid mutual conflict and even aided one another. As this chapter shows—in contradistinction to previous works—the two leaders established a working relationship, which, while not close, proved useful for Ottawa in terms of keeping the United States out of areas of Canadian jurisdiction and for Washington in terms of gaining Canadian assistance in waging the Cold War.
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