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What Is a Human?What the Answers Mean for Human Rights$
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John H. Evans

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780190608071

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190608071.001.0001

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Reassessing the Academic Debate about Anthropologies

(p.173) Chapter 8 Conclusion
What Is a Human?

John H. Evans

Oxford University Press

This chapter begins by assessing on their own terms the claims of the critics who, in general, are correct. The academic biological and philosophical anthropologies are associated with less support for human rights, and the theological anthropology is somewhat less consistently associated with more support for human rights. However, the survey also shows that few members of the general public agree with the academic biological and philosophical anthropologies, so this conclusion summarizes the anthropologies they do use, and makes the case where these are or are not connected with views of human rights. This conclusion also summarizes the conclusions about the institutions that may be propagating the various anthropologies to the public. The book concludes with a discussion of how those who are proponents of the various anthropologies could consider changing how they describe a human, so as to not lead to less support for human rights.

Keywords:   public opinion, anthropology, human rights, depictions, theology, biology, philosophy

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