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Free Will and Classical TheismThe Significance of Freedom in Perfect Being Theology$
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Hugh J. McCann

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780190611200

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190611200.001.0001

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Theological Determinism and the Relationship with God

Theological Determinism and the Relationship with God

(p.201) Chapter 11 Theological Determinism and the Relationship with God
Free Will and Classical Theism

Derk Pereboom

Oxford University Press

Increasingly, theists have come to see their relationship with God as anological to an exemplary human relationship. Seeing it this way would be difficult, supposing a traditional theological determinist view of providence in which God elects some to salvation in heaven and others to eternal damnation. But, as Derk Pereboom explains in this esssay, if one accepts universal salvation and denies divine retribution, both libertarianism and theological determinism accommodate a good relationship with God. Each of these positions can secure trust in God by a developmental account for why God permits evil, and by a sufficiently strong notion of divine providence can be used to respond to the problem of evil. The challenge that valuable love for God is ruled out by theological determinism can be answered by reflecting on what sorts of loving responses we ordinarily cherish.

Keywords:   relationship with God, theological determinism, damnation, salvation, universal salvation, problem of evil, providence, love

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