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Beyond the Arab Cold WarThe International History of the Yemen Civil War, 1962-68$
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Asher Orkaby

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780190618445

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190618445.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 19 January 2022

International Intrigue and the Origins of September 1962

International Intrigue and the Origins of September 1962

(p.6) 1 International Intrigue and the Origins of September 1962
Beyond the Arab Cold War

Asher Orkaby

Oxford University Press

The 1962 revolution in Yemen has often been attributed to the machinations of Egyptian president Gamal Abdel Nasser. The events of September 1962 were in a manifestation of two decades of growing Yemeni nationalism fostered by an educated cadre of expatriates known as the Famous Forty. Prior to the outbreak of war in 1962, Yemen had been drawn into the growing Cold War conflict. The Soviet Union paid for the construction of the new Hodeidah port while courting an alliance with the “red prince” Muhammad al-Badr, in the hopes that Yemen would become a logistical base for their regional operations. Fearing Soviet penetration on the Arabian Peninsula, the United Statesundertook a series of unsuccessful oil explorations to maintain a nominal presence in a country that could scarcely be identified by American policy makers.

Keywords:   Gamal Abdel Nasser, Egypt, Famous Forty, Soviet Union, oil exploration, Yemen, United States, Mecom Oil

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