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Beyond the Arab Cold WarThe International History of the Yemen Civil War, 1962-68$
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Asher Orkaby

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780190618445

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190618445.001.0001

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Local Hostilities and International Diplomacy

Local Hostilities and International Diplomacy

(p.58) 3 Local Hostilities and International Diplomacy
Beyond the Arab Cold War

Asher Orkaby

Oxford University Press

During the early months of the civil war, Yemen’s mountainous terrain was a particular challenge for the Egyptian army, which was equipped for desert warfare. By the beginning of 1963, Nasser had begun to employ a counterinsurgency strategy against royalist tribal armies that relied on Egypt’s overwhelming advantage in artillery and air power. Between 1963 and 1964, Egypt launched the Ramadan and Haradh offensives in an attempt to conquer northern territories, cut off royalist supply lines from Saudi Arabia, and create a buffer zone protecting the republic’s “strategic triangle” of Sana’a, Ta’iz and Hodeidah, Yemen’s three largest cities. Each Egyptian offensive was followed by internationally orchestrated diplomatic overtures that collectively failed as a consequence of royalist counterattacks that reversed Egyptian territorial successes and placed constraints on Nasser’s bargaining power in Yemen.

Keywords:   Egypt, Counterinsurgency, Tribes, Sa’dah, Nasser, Strategic Triangle, Ramadan Offensive, Haradh Offensive

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