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Beyond the Arab Cold WarThe International History of the Yemen Civil War, 1962-68$
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Asher Orkaby

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780190618445

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190618445.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 22 January 2022

The UN Yemen Observer Mission (UNYOM)

The UN Yemen Observer Mission (UNYOM)

(p.79) 4 The UN Yemen Observer Mission (UNYOM)
Beyond the Arab Cold War

Asher Orkaby

Oxford University Press

In 1963, the “shuttle diplomacy” efforts of Ellsworth Bunker and Ralph Bunche between Riyadh, Cairo, and Sana’a led to an agreement for the withdrawal of Egyptian and Saudi intervention in the Yemen Civil War. The UN Yemen Observer Mission, which ran from 1963 to 1964, was given the responsibility to oversee this withdrawal. Contemporary and historic perceptions of UNYOM have been tainted by a clash of personalities between the mission leader, Carl von Horn, who embodied the old European leadership of the UN, and Secretary General U Thant, who represented the new Asia-Africa bloc in the UN. UNYOM has been portrayed as the first failure in a new era of “tin-cup peacekeeping” that could scarcely feed and supply UN personnel. The reality, gleaned from interviews in addition to newly available UN and Canadian archives, is starkly different. The mission was in fact a success, limited only by the global conflict that overshadowed UNYOM.

Keywords:   Ellsworth Bunker, Ralph Bunche, “shuttle diplomacy, ” Carl von Horn, U Thant, UNYOM, UN Yemen Observer Mission, “tin-cup peacekeeping”

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