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Beyond the Arab Cold WarThe International History of the Yemen Civil War, 1962-68$
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Asher Orkaby

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780190618445

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190618445.001.0001

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Nasser’s Cage

Nasser’s Cage

(p.106) 5 Nasser’s Cage
Beyond the Arab Cold War

Asher Orkaby

Oxford University Press

The 1964 Arab Summit and subsequent Egyptian-Saudi agreements appeared to mark the end of Egypt’s military adventure in Yemen. In 1965, however, Nasser reneged on his commitment to withdraw, declaring instead his “long-breath strategy” to remain in Yemen indefinitely. Nasser’s decision to stay in Yemen was encouraged by financial incentives from US President Johnson and Soviet Chairman Brezhnev, who preferred to keep Nasser’s aggressive foreign policy contained in Yemen. While supporting Egypt’s continued presence in Yemen, the United States, with a large USAID presence, and the USSR, with a group of pro-Soviet Yemeni leaders, were competing for the “hearts and minds” of Yemenis in an effort to secure an independent position in South Arabia.

Keywords:   1964 Arab Summit, “long-breath strategy”, Aden, Brezhnev, LBJ, PL-480, “hearts and minds”, USAID

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