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Who Belongs? – Race, Resources, and Tribal Citizenship in the Native South - Oxford Scholarship Online
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Who Belongs?: Race, Resources, and Tribal Citizenship in the Native South

Mikaëla M. Adams


The right to determine tribal citizenship is fundamental to the exercise of tribal sovereignty. Deciding who belongs to Indian tribes has a complicated history, however, especially in the South. Indians who remained in the South following removal became a marginalized and anomalous people in an emerging biracial world. Despite the economic hardships and assimilationist pressures they faced, they insisted on their political identity as citizens of tribal nations and rejected Euro-American efforts to turn them into another racial minority. Drawing upon their cultural traditions, kinship patterns ... More

Keywords: Citizenship, sovereignty, belonging, race, Pamunkey, Catawba, Cherokee, Choctaw, Seminole, Miccosukee

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2016 Print ISBN-13: 9780190619466
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2016 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190619466.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Mikaëla M. Adams, author
Assistant Professor of History, University of Mississippi