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Caretaking DemocratizationThe Military and Political Change in Myanmar$
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Renaud Egreteau

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780190620967

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190620967.001.0001

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Military Guardianship and the Search for a Pacted Transition

Military Guardianship and the Search for a Pacted Transition

(p.19) 1 Military Guardianship and the Search for a Pacted Transition
Caretaking Democratization

Renaud Egreteau

Oxford University Press

The chapter argues that the main policy actor at the core of the transitional process remains Myanmar’s secretive military institution. It was the armed forces and its uncontested leadership that let the “opening” outstretch soon after the 2010 elections, by officially disbanding the “junta” and morphing into a hybrid “transit regime”. In a sense, the Tatmadaw stood, as in 1960 and 1974, as a “caretaker” of the transition. Yet, even if the partial disengagement of the armed forces from politics observed after 2011 had carefully been planned by the military leadership, an institutional and political “elite pact” was needed regardless, and sought after by several key elite groups, to pursue the initial procedural transition.

Keywords:   Military guardianship, Civil military relations, Pacted transition, Elite bargaining, Tatmadaw, Myanmar

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