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Caretaking DemocratizationThe Military and Political Change in Myanmar$
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Renaud Egreteau

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780190620967

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190620967.001.0001

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The Salience of Ethnic and Religious Cleavages

The Salience of Ethnic and Religious Cleavages

(p.99) 5 The Salience of Ethnic and Religious Cleavages
Caretaking Democratization

Renaud Egreteau

Oxford University Press

This chapter explores the deepening of religious and ethnic cleavages in the 2010s, attempting to evaluate their impact on the ongoing transitional process. It investigates the new round of inter-ethnic peace parleys which President Thein Sein’s administration has embarked on since 2011. It then looks at religious and moral values, alongside the place and influence of “outsiders” in Myanmar’s society. These are themes which have recently resurfaced in public debate, as well as punctual and localized inter-communal violence. A handful of radical Buddhist associations have begun to regain a voice in the public space and have fostered debate on the involvement of the state in religious affairs. Thus monastic organizations have re-emerged as powerful actors seeking to shape public values and influence policymakers within the walls of the new parliament.

Keywords:   Ethnic conflict, Peace process, Communal violence, Religious radicalism, Myanmar

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