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Caretaking DemocratizationThe Military and Political Change in Myanmar$
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Renaud Egreteau

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780190620967

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190620967.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 07 March 2021

Enduring Burmese Realities

Enduring Burmese Realities

(p.115) 6 Enduring Burmese Realities
Caretaking Democratization

Renaud Egreteau

Oxford University Press

This chapter seeks to provide a realistic assessment of the other long-term challenges that continue to plague Myanmar. While many are not necessarily hindering democratization, all pose considerable threats to the stability of the country and the long-term process of national reconciliation. Prominent among them is the multifaceted political and social clientelisms that are entrenched in Burmese society. Such is the case for the oligarchical structuration and weaknesses of the national economy, as well as Myanmar’s peculiar geography. This chapter looks at why the country cannot avoid considering the impact that its geopolitical situation has long imposed on its domestic developments. Myanmar’s position at the crossroads of India and China, where politics remains volatile and democratic consolidation is an endlessly moving target, may provide the military with incentives to remain involved in politics.

Keywords:   Clientelism, India and China rivalry, Myanmar

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