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RaciolinguisticsHow Language Shapes Our Ideas About Race$
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H. Samy Alim, John R. Rickford, and Arnetha F. Ball

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780190625696

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190625696.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 18 October 2021

Ethnicity and Extreme Locality in South Africa’s Multilingual Hip Hop Ciphas

Ethnicity and Extreme Locality in South Africa’s Multilingual Hip Hop Ciphas

(p.113) 6 Ethnicity and Extreme Locality in South Africa’s Multilingual Hip Hop Ciphas

Quentin E. Williams

Oxford University Press

This chapter demonstrates how multilingual youth in South Africa´s multilingual Hip Hop ciphas forge a local variety of Hip Hop Nation Language that relies on the strategic and creative use of linguistic resources associated with English, Cape Afrikaans (a local variety of Afrikaans), the local street variety Sabela (an admixture of isiXhosa, Kaaps, Zulu, nonverbal gang signs), and African American Language. With these linguistic resources, young multilingual speakers of Cape Afrikaans jointly produce ethnicity and extreme locality by forming linguistic registers that further create an agentive multilingual citizenship. Such creation of extreme locality is necessary in a linguistic context where Cape Afrikaans is stigmatized across nearly all social domains related to power and upward mobility, and where youth registers challenge the supposed inferiority of this variety because its very use resists long-held stereotypes about Cape Afrikaans speakers as unintelligent, lazy, and criminal.

Keywords:   Hip Hop, Cape Afrikaans, multilingualism, youth culture, linguistic register, identity, status, mobility

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