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The Priest and the ProphetessAbbé Ouvière, Romaine Rivière, and the Revolutionary Atlantic World$
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Terry Rey

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780190625849

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190625849.001.0001

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Dr. Pascalis and the Making of American Medicine

Dr. Pascalis and the Making of American Medicine

(p.179) 8 Dr. Pascalis and the Making of American Medicine
The Priest and the Prophetess

Terry Rey

Oxford University Press

Arriving in Philadelphia in 1793 as a refugee, and carrying a letter of introduction to President George Washington, Abbé Ouvière soon remade himself in the United States—only not as a priest, but as a physician and scientist. The timing was opportune, as the population of his French compatriots in the city swelled in 1792 to nearly 10% of Philadelphians and with them came the yellow fever epidemic. Though no longer known as Abbé Ouvière, the priest plunged into the struggle against the epidemic, now as Dr. Pascalis, treating patients with American luminary Benjamin Rush and embarking on a long and storied career as a pioneering figure in early American science and medicine. This chapter details Pascalis’ life in America, from 1793 until his death in 1832, focusing attention on the windows that his biography open onto the contours and functions of religion, race, slavery, and science in the revolutionary Atlantic world.

Keywords:   Dr. Félix Pascalis, Benjamin Rush, medicine, race, science, religion, colonial America, yellow fever

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