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The Other One PercentIndians in America$
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Sanjoy Chakravorty, Devesh Kapur, and Nirvikar Singh

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780190648749

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190648749.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 29 October 2020

A Short History of Small Numbers

A Short History of Small Numbers

Chapter:
(p.1) 1 A Short History of Small Numbers
Source:
The Other One Percent
Author(s):

Sanjoy Chakravorty

Devesh Kapur

Nirvikar Singh

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190648749.003.0001

While this book focuses on the Indian-American community post-1965, the first chapter describes the small number who came in the early twentieth century, before exclusionary immigration policies shut the door. This chapter chronicles their struggles as they trickled in from British India (mainly from Punjab in northwest India to the U.S. West Coast, but also from Bengal in eastern India to the East Coast). The authors reveal a community that struggled to find a foothold as it battled deep-rooted racism and bigotry, and dwindled to insignificant numbers before the end of World War II and India’s independence, and later the cold war, intervened to turn the tide.

Keywords:   Punjabi, Sikh, Bengali, British India, Gadar Party, race, Immigration and Naturalization Act of 1965, Hart-Celler Act

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