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Liberalism and the Welfare StateEconomists and Arguments for the Welfare State$
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Roger E. Backhouse, Bradley W. Bateman, Tamotsu Nishizawa, and Dieter Plehwe

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780190676681

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: July 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190676681.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 18 January 2021

Ordoliberalism, the Social-Market Economy, and Keynesianism in Germany, 1945–1974

Ordoliberalism, the Social-Market Economy, and Keynesianism in Germany, 1945–1974

(p.57) 3 Ordoliberalism, the Social-Market Economy, and Keynesianism in Germany, 1945–1974
Liberalism and the Welfare State

Harald Hagemann

Oxford University Press

The chapter deals with the development of the welfare state in the first three decades after World War II, in which the West German economy ran through a remarkable catching-up process. Economic policy in the new Federal Republic of Germany in that period was decisively shaped and influenced by the ordoliberal ideas of Walter Eucken and the Freiburg school and the principles of the social-market economy. Whereas Keynesianism of the Hicks-Samuelson neoclassical synthesis had already evolved into the dominant view in the academic sphere during the 1950s, it took until the 1966–67 recession for Keynesianism to find a late (and short) entry into German economic policy with the entry of the Social Democrats into government and their charismatic minister of economics, Karl Schiller.

Keywords:   economic style, Freiburg school, Keynesianism, ordoliberalism, social-market economy

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