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The Origins of the Cultural RevolutionVolume 3: The Coming of the Cataclysm 1961-1966$
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Roderick MacFarquhar

Print publication date: 1997

Print ISBN-13: 9780192149978

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192149978.001.0001

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A New Course in the Countryside

A New Course in the Countryside

(p.39) 3 A New Course in the Countryside
The Origins of the Cultural Revolution

Roderick MacFarquhar

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines the Sixty Articles on Agriculture launched by the Chinese government to relieve the famine, establish an incentive system in the commune system, and reinvigorate agriculture. Immediately after the Ninth Plenum, Chairman Mao gave detailed instructions for the immediate organization and dispatch of three seven-man teams to investigate communes in Guangdong, Hunan, and Zhejiang. After receiving the reports on the investigating teams, Mao already appeared to be willing to consider drastic reform of the communes.

Keywords:   Sixty Articles, famine, commune system, Mao Zedong, agricultural policy, Guangdong, Hunan, Zhejiang, China

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