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Supportive Care in Respiratory Disease$
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Sam H. Ahmedzai and Martin F. Muers

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780192631411

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192631411.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 12 April 2021

Anatomy and physiology

Anatomy and physiology

(p.39) Chapter 2 Anatomy and physiology
Supportive Care in Respiratory Disease

Sam H. Ahmedzai (Contributor Webpage)

Martin F. Muers

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines the anatomy and physiology of the respiratory system in the context of palliative care. It explains that an adult human being breathes 10,000 litres of air in 24 hours and that the primary inspiratory muscles are the diaphragm and the intercostals. The chapter discusses expiration as a passive act during tidal breathing and clarifies that neurological control of respiration depends upon modulation of two reciprocally firing neurone pools in the medulla.

Keywords:   respiratory system, palliative care, inspiratory muscles, tidal breathing, diaphragm, intercostals, expiration, neurological control, neurone pools

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