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The Foundations of Modern WalesWales 1642-1780$
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Geraint H. Jenkins

Print publication date: 1993

Print ISBN-13: 9780192852786

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192852786.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 05 August 2021

The Civil Wars and the Interregnum

The Civil Wars and the Interregnum

(p.2) (p.3) Chapter 1 The Civil Wars and the Interregnum
The Foundations of Modern Wales

Glanmor Williams

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses the economic and political conditions of Wales during and immediately after the year 1642. Before the outbreak of civil strife there was a widespread air of foreboding in Wales: ‘the end of the world is not far off’, cried John Griffith of Cefnamwich in Caernarfonshire, as his fellow gentry besought King Charles I and his Parliament to settle their differences amicably. Hopes of avoiding bloodshed faded and following the bitter strife of civil war, Parliament was purged by the army, the king was executed, the monarchy and the House of Lords were temporarily abolished, and a republican government ruled for eleven years. The mass of the Welsh people, remote from London and preoccupied chiefly with the task of making ends meet, was bewildered to find that political crisis at Westminster had led to civil war and republican rule.

Keywords:   1642, civil war, Wales, John Griffith, King Charles I, parliament, army, monarchy, House of Lords, London

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