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The Foundations of Modern WalesWales 1642-1780$
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Geraint H. Jenkins

Print publication date: 1993

Print ISBN-13: 9780192852786

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192852786.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 30 July 2021

Social and Economic Progress

Social and Economic Progress

(p.256) (p.257) Chapter 7 Social and Economic Progress
The Foundations of Modern Wales

Glanmor Williams

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses social and economic changes in Wales going into the 18th century. Agrarian improvements, the stimulus of rising prices, industrial investment, and more efficient trading networks all meant that the proportion of town-dwellers was increasing and that the vigour and variety of urban life were much more apparent. Although the social and political dominance of the leading gentry families was as great in the towns as in the countryside, there were new opportunities for affluent middling sorts to expand and prosper. In particular, those towns which were industrial or manufacturing centres, together with those which were strategically placed closer to fertile valleys or commercial centres, began to exercise a much greater influence on the nature of the Welsh economy. The wider diffusion of new technology and the inflow of substantial capital served to make Welsh industry more productive and diversified in this period.

Keywords:   social and economic changes, Wales, agrarian improvements, industrial investments, trading networks, gentry families, economy, new technology, capital

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